The Mother

by Dr Clare Macdonald, General Practitioner

For a mother, however she is feeding her baby, feeding is likely to be a major feature of her life in the weeks after giving birth. Discussions around feeding should be respectful, supportive and evidence based; assumptions should not be made, nor judgements voiced about feeding choices. The intense sense of protectiveness felt by many mothers will extend to the choices she makes for her child.

NICE recommends that when discussing babies’ feeding…:

  • acknowledge the parents’ emotional, social, financial and environmental concerns about feeding options
  • be respectful of parents’ choices.

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Feeding can provide a time for building and developing relationships. Many women have known of their child for around 36 weeks by the time they meet them, having provided them with a nurturing environment and all the nutrition they need during pregnancy. Breastfeeding can provide the next stage in this journey and its potential physiological and psychological benefits to the mother should not be underestimated. Access to specialist breastfeeding support should be made available to all mothers who need or want it.  Regardless of feeding method, skin-to-skin contact and responsive feeding promote secure infant attachment and should be valued. Mothers who are expressing breast milk have additional challenges in preparation of equipment and storing of breast milk. Parents who are using formula will need to invest time preparing the milk, cleaning and sterilising bottles. All of these can be key parts of early parenthood and require understanding from healthcare professionals who are caring for families. Above all, parents and carers should have access to safe and impartial information about feeding their baby.


The 6-8 Week Postnatal Check

Since 2020, GPs in England are required to offer a maternal postnatal check 6-8 weeks after giving birth. This appointment provides an important opportunity to enquire about infant feeding issues. Acknowledging the time constraints of this contact, and that there is a lot to cover, discussing infant feeding is important and the attitude of the GP towards it can be key. It may be sensitive to start with an open question, for example:

How’s feeding going?

This is likely to uncover feeding method, and any current problems which can then be addressed. Infant feeding experts suggest congratulating the mother on any breastfeeding she has achieved to date even if she is no longer breastfeeding (personal communication in GPIFN Online Forum).

Breastfeeding problems can be addressed, local support groups signposted and if needed, up to date information on formula feeding given. If there is a sense that the mother has stopped breastfeeding and has regret about this, as well as assessing the impact on her mental wellbeing, relactation could be discussed (see information on the ‘Breastfeeding‘ and ‘Maternal Mental Health‘ pages) .

Explaining the normal expected infant behaviour and feeding patterns may help to reassure.

NICE Guideline NG194: Postnatal Care April 2021


Further Information on Issues Relating to the Mother

This sub-section of the website includes information on the following topics and their links to infant feeding:

Breastfeeding Problems

Maternal Mental Health

Breast Cancer Risk Reduction

Maternal Nutrition

Reproductive Health

Family Planning

Viral Transmission


Published April 2017, Updated 18th June 2021